Alberto Sánchez de Iriarte Collection

 Collection
Identifier: MSS.0202

Scope and Content

The Alberto Sánchez de Iriarte Collection is divided in eight series and is comprised of 21 archival boxes or 10.38 linear feet.

Series I: Newspaper Clippings, Spain: Includes various selections of newspaper clippings from the most important newspapers of Spain at the time. The majority of the clippings are from the newspapers ABC and El Sol but also includes clippings from La Vanguardia, Ya, Tiempo among others. The clippings are arranged by publication date, ranging from 1919-1943. The subject matter is varied – economy, politics, religion, tourism, culture and arts in Spain. This section also includes newspaper clippings in French from 1920-1936 and scrapbooks of newspaper articles kept by Sánchez de Iriarte. The articles contained in the scrapbooks are dated from 1935-1939 with the subject matter mostly related to the Spanish Civil War.

Series II: Newspaper Clippings, Latin America: This series contains a wide assortment of newspaper clippings mostly from Colombian newspapers such as Mundo al Día, Tiempo, and El Espectador but also includes clippings from Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Peru. The clippings are arranged by publication date, ranging from 1910-1946. The subject matter is varied – economy, politics, religion, tourism, culture and arts. Most articles are related to events related to the Spanish Republic and the Spanish Civil War time period. This section also includes newspaper and magazine clipping scrapbooks of articles kept by Sánchez de Iriarte. The articles contained in the scrapbooks are dated from 1916-1935, the topics they cover are about economy (banking, budget, money, gold), diplomacy, and literature (articles about H.G. Wells.)

Series III: Magazine Fragments, Spain: This series includes a wide variety of selected articles from Spanish magazines. The fragments are arranged alphabetically and by publication date, ranging from 1907-1936. Illustrated magazines such as Blanco y Negro, Estampa, Mundo Gráfico and Nuevo Mundo have the largest number of available fragments. This section also includes fragments in French from 1907-1934, mostly from the French Magazine Les Annales, The subject matter covered is diverse- arts, culture, economy, history, literature, politics, social events, tourism.

Series IV: Magazine Fragments, Latin America: This section contains varied selections of magazine fragments, mostly from Colombia, but also includes fragments from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Cuba, Mexico, and Uruguay. The fragments are arranged alphabetically by name and by publication date, ranging in date from 1907-1942.The largest number of fragments are from the illustrated Colombian magazine Cromos. These fragments include articles written by Sánchez de Iriarte (Dr. Mirabel), and date from 1917-1938. The subject matter covered is diverse- arts, culture, economy, history, literature, politics, social events, tourism.

Series V: Spanish Civil War Publications, 1935-1939: Complete works and publications of the Spanish Republic and Civil War Era. Publications such as books, broadsides, bulletins, donation slips, magazine, music programs, military records, and photographs are included in this section. The publications are listed in alphabetical order either by author or title. Most of these publications are written in the English language and were published in Great Britain or the United States.

Series VI: Spanish Civil War Pamphlets, 1935-1939: The pamphlets of the Spanish Civil War era are listed in alphabetical order either by author or title. Most of these pamphlets are written in the English language and were published in Great Britain or the United States. These pamphlets represent both the left and right ideologies.

Series VII: Miscellaneous, Spain: This section includes numerous items kept by Sánchez de Iriarte, most likely collected when he was the Secretary of the Colombia Legation in Madrid. The items are ordered by topic and by alphabetical order, divided as follows:

Art Catalogs: Ceramic, drawings, painting, photographic, and sculpture catalogs of the various art exhibits Sánchez de Iriarte attended during the period from 1931 to 1934.

Music Programs: Includes various music venues Sánchez de Iriarte attended in Madrid, most of the events are from 1932.

Politics: These consist mostly of political propaganda of the Spanish left and right parties collected by Sánchez de Iriarte before the Franco Regime and a copy of the Constitution of the Spanish Republic of 1931.

Tourism: Includes pamphlets, brochures and travel guides about Spain.

Other: Includes selected clippings of people, places, and culture in Spain.

Conference Material: Contains correspondence and other documents of conferences Sánchez de Iriarte attended during his time as the Secretary of the Colombian Legation in Madrid.

Series VIII: Miscellaneous, Latin America: This series includes numerous items such as magazine clippings, manuscripts, mimeographs, typescripts, and book fragments ranging from 1883-1935 collected by Sánchez de Iriarte. The subject matter is varied- arts, economy education, government, literature, and others. There are also many undated clippings of selected short stories. These stories were probably written by Sánchez de Iriarte as Dr. Mirabel for the Colombian Magazine Cromos, though their source is unlisted.

Oversized Boxes: The oversized section contains entire books, bulletin, magazine, and newspapers about the Spanish Civil War. There is also a map of Spain showing the areas controlled by the Franco Regime and the areas controlled by the Republic.

Oversized Folder: This section includes a large folder containing three Spanish Civil War Posters.

Dates

  • 1907 - 1942

Biography

Alberto Sánchez de Iriarte, better known as Dr. Mirabel, or Fantasio, was born in Bogotá, Colombia in 1886. He was a well-known Colombian humorist, writer, historian and journalist, who wrote for the Colombian magazines Cromos and Revista Contemporánea and for the newspapers El Tiempo, El Espectador and Mundo al dia. He also employed the pseudonyms Maese Floridor and Sz. From 1910 to 1915 he directed the magazine El Gráfico, one of the most important publications in the history of Colombian journalism. During the 1920s, he was a principal collaborator of Cromos magazine. (Muñoz, 1958) and (Vallejo Mejía, 2004)

In the early 1930s he was designated First Secretary of the Colombian Legation in Madrid. During the time he was posted in Spain he participated in the following activities. He represented Colombia at the Pan-American Postal Congress in January 1932, with the goal of consolidating the Americas and Spain into a single postal territory. He was awarded the Order of Isabel the Catholic by the Spanish government in recognition of his outstanding performance at the congress (ABC Sevilla, 1932). He also represented Colombia at the International Radiotelegraph Conference in Madrid, September 1932. The conference was intended to fuse The International Telegraph Union and the International Radiotelegraph Union into a single organization: the International Telecommunication Union. In 1936 the Republic of Colombia decided to temporarily shut down the Embassy of Colombia in Spain due to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. It was then that Sánchez de Iriarte returned to Colombia and continued his passion for writing.

He is considered a pioneer of modern journalism in Colombia for his concern with issues of everyday life. His writing style was akin to the modernist school. According to Maryluz Vallejo, Director of the Colombian magazine Directo Bogotá he alternated between chronicling social customs of the capital city, Santa Fé de Bogotá, with historical and literary chronicles incorporating international current affairs of the time. He employed a wide variety of narrative structures, usually presented in a newspaper serial format, with dialogues and a reconstruction of scenes. His work has not been published as a compilation and he appears in only a few anthologies of Colombian writers. (Hoyos, 2009, p. 433)

Extent

7.98 Linear Feet

Language of Materials

Spanish; Castilian

Physical Location

Offsite Storage, Special Collections & Archives

Provenance

The Spanish Civil War Collection appears to have been created by Alberto Sánchez de Iriarte, also known as Dr. Mirabel. The collection contains a series of documents from Spain and Latin America, with many documents from Colombia. The materials also contain elements from The Spanish Republic, which was prior to the Spanish Civil War. Many of the materials were gathered by Sánchez de Iriarte when he was the Secretary of the Colombian Legation to the Spanish Republic in the 1930s. After the fall of the Spanish Republic in the late 1930s the papers were transferred from the embassy along with the entire legation back to Colombia. The items were then probably kept in a storeroom in the Ministry of Foreign Relations in Bogotá, Colombia.

Dr. J. León Helguera, a professor of History at Vanderbilt University and a specialist in Colombian history purchased this collection from a book dealer in Colombia and transferred it to the United States. In the early 1970s he donated the collection to the Joint University Libraries-Special Collections.

Works Cited

  • ABC Sevilla. (1932, January 17). p. 28.Hoyos, J. J. (2009). La pasión de contar: el periodismo narrativo en Colombia, 1638-2000. Colombia: Univeridad de Antioquia.
  • Muñoz, G. O. (1958). Seudónimos de escritores colombianos . Thesaurus. Retrieved March 2012, from Centro Virtual Cervantes: http://cvc.cervantes.es/lengua/thesaurus/pdf/13/TH_13_123_120_0.pdf
  • Vallejo Mejía, M. (2004). La Crónica en Colombia: Medio Siglo de Oro. Retrieved March 2012, from http://www.scribd.com/doc/60278681/La-Cronica-en-Colombia-Medio-Siglo-de-Oro
Title
Finding Aid for the Alberto Sánchez de Iriarte Collection
Status
Completed
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Vanderbilt University Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Jean and Alexander Heard Library
419 21st Avenue South
Nashville TN 37203 United States


 

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