Mildred T. Stahlman papers

Identifier: EBL-0114

Content Description

Personal papers and materials of neonatologist Dr. Mildred T. Stahlman documenting her research and teaching activities. Dr. Stahlman is Professor of Pediatrics at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. The collection includes correspondence, publications, research and manuscript papers, awards, photographs, newspaper clippings, and books belonging to Stahlman related to neonatology. Correspondence is organized alphabetically, while publication, speech, and research materials are organized chronologically.


  • 1937-2006


Conditions Governing Access

All collections are subject to applicable Vanderbilt privacy and confidentiality policies. Collection specific restrictions: No Restrictions.

Biographical / Historical

Mildred Thornton Stahlman was born on July 31, 1922 in Nashville, Tennessee. Her father, James Stahlman, was the sole owner of the Nashville Banner. Dr.Stahlman graduated from Vanderbilt in 1943 and Vanderbilt Medical School in 1946. She interned at Lakeside Hospital in Cleveland and completed her residency at Children's Hospital of Boston. She then studied at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden and returned to Vanderbilt in 1951 as a pediatric cardiologist. In 1954 Dr. Elliot V. Newman invited her to work in Dr. Charles Rollo Park's lab with the goal of defining normal newborn lung function. Dr. Stahlman received a research grant for hyaline membrane disease in 1954, which was expanded in 1959 to develop a new nursery with modern equipment and a laboratory. This NICU opened in mid-1961 and became a model for newborn intensive care units as we know them today.

In 1973 Dr. Stahlman organized the Angel Transport System which resulted in the transport of premature babies from 30 Tennessee counties to Vanderbilt Hospital. Dr. Stahlman has trained over 80 post-doctoral fellows who have gone on to become professors and heads of departments. Dr. Stahlman has published over 200 articles and her research interests include basic lung cell physiology, hyaline membrane disease, surfactant, Vitamin A, neonatal pulmonary adaptation, fetal cardiopulmonary development, and growth factor hormone involvement in the lungs. Dr. Mildred Stahlman has received many awards and honors, including the Virginia Apgar Award, the Thomas Jefferson Award, the Harvie Branscomb Distinguished Professorship, the Howland Award, and the Vanderbilt Distinguished Alumna Award. Dr. Stahlman has also been elected to the National Academy of Sciences and the Swedish Academy of Sciences.


20.52 Cubic Feet (4 Paige boxes, 41 Hollinger Letter boxes, and 1 Hollinger Half Letter box)

Language of Materials



Papers and materials belonging to neonatologist Dr. Mildred T. Stahlman documenting her research and teaching activities. Dr. Stahlman is a Professor of Pediatrics at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.

Physical Location

EBL Vault

Mildred T. Stahlman Papers
In Progress
History of Medicine Collections Staff
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Eskind Biomedical Library Manuscripts Collection Repository

Eskind Biomedical Library
2209 Garland Ave.
Nashville TN 37232


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