James Robertson Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MSS.0366

  • Staff Only

Scope and Contents

The James Robertson Papers are composed of original letters and documents of James Robertson for the dates 1784-1814 given by his son Dr. Felix Robertson to the University of Nashville. They were arranged in a chronological order and bound in two volumes by Nathaniel Cross, a member of the faculty. As a preface to the volumes, the following statement is made: “The correspondence etc., of Gen. James Robertson, who has been styled the ‘Father of Tennessee,’ was obtained from his son, Dr. Felix Robertson of Nashville, with permission to select from it such papers as might be considered worth preserving; inasmuch, however as many of those, that were of a private nature, contained the allusions to political occurrences and Indian border troubles of the day, it was deemed best to preserve the correspondence entire.” For the sake of better preservation, these volumes have been taken apart and the correspondence has been arranged alphabetically by author of the letter.

This valuable collection for the early period contains letters from many of the pioneers in the Cumberland Settlements, a number of Indian chiefs of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek Nations, and Indian agents, many of whom took part in the Indian Wars and in treaty making. Some letters contain information about land transactions and proposed early roads, especially the Natchez Trace. In addition to a letter signed by George Washington and the Secretaries of War, Henry Dearborn, Henry Knox, James McHenry, and Timothy Pickering, there are letters written by W. P. Anderson, Tim Barnard, William Blount, Willie Blount, H. Bradford, Abraham Bradley, John F. Brevard, Baron of Carondelet, John Clark, William Cocke, Alexander Cornell, Francis Cruzat, George M. Deaderick, Silas Dinsmoor, Thomas Doyle, R. C. Foster, G. Granger, George Haller, Benjamin Hawkins, David Henley, James Hoggatt, Andrew Jackson, Robert King, Alexander McGillivray, John McKee, John McLeish, Joseph McMinn, William MacLin, Allan B. McGruder, William Martin, Return J. Meigs, Esteban Miro, Seth Penn, Andrew Pickens, John Pitchlynn, Thomas Portell, William Prince, Thomas Purson, John Reid, John Rhea, James Robertson, James Seagrove, John Sevier, William Sharpe, Dan Smith, John Sommerville, R. Sparke, A. Tatum, Charles Thompson, John Thompson, James White, B. W. Williams, John Williams, Hu Williamson, James Winchester and Thomas Wright. A deposition of James Powell, a report of Isaac Titsworth, and a statement made by the historian A. W. Putnam make up the remainder of the collection.

Approximate number of items: 376

Dates

  • 1784 - 1814

Chronology - James Robertson

1742
June 28 - Born to John and Mary (Gower) Robertson, Brunswick County, Virginia. Moved in early youth to Wake County, North Carolina.
1768
October 20 - Married Charlotte Reeves, daughter of George Reeves.
1771
Moved west and became a member of the court created by the Watauga Association.
1774
Participated in Lord Dunmore’s War at Battle of Point Pleasant.
1776-1779
Acted as Agent to the Cherokees for North Carolina and Virginia.
1779
Headed an exploring party that contemplated a settlement at French Lick, a trading post on the Cumberland.
1780
Led a group of Watauga settlers to Nashville via Cumberland. Signed the Cumberland Compact.
1781
Made an alliance with the Chickasaw Indians and was elected Colonel of the Militia.
1785
Became a trustee of Davidson Academy which later became the University of Nashville. Represented his county in the North Carolina Assembly.
1786-1789
Played an active though obscure part in the Spanish Conspiracy.
1787
Represented his county in North Carolina Assembly. Led the Coldwater expedition against the Indians.
1790
Appointed Brigadier-General of the Territory Southwest of the Ohio.
1794
Resigned position after ordering the Nickajack Campaign.
1796
Represented Davidson County in the Constitutional Convention of Tennessee.
1798
Entered the Tennessee Senate in place of Thomas Hardeman who had resigned. Represented Tennessee at first treaty of Tellico between United States and Cherokees.
1808 or later
Was trustee of the University of Nashville.
1814
Died at the agency at Chickasaw Bluff where he was serving as Indian Agent to the Chickasaws.

Extent

1.26 Linear Feet (3 Hollinger boxes)

Language of Materials

English

Physical Location

Special Collections & Archives

Processing Information

This collection was scanned and uploaded to JSTOR Forum in 2021. Those digital surrogates are embedded in the finding aid at the item level via digital objects that link out to the JSTOR Forum platform.
This collection was reboxed after being digitized. The original box 1 had markings of "MF.801" and "IV-E-2" on it.

Name Index

This is a name index for the correspondence in the James Robertson Papers, together with the dates of the letters. The numbers in parentheses immediately following the name denote the number of letters, if more than one. The last numbers refer to the box and folder in which the material can be found.
Addams, James, et al., 1795, to James Robertson, 2-3
Anderson, W. P., 1804, to James Robertson, 1-5
Barnard, Tim, 1795, to Governor [William] Blount, 1-6
Bench, The, see, Turtle at Home, 1796, 2-16
Big Warrior, see Mad Dog, 1795, 2-19
Bird, A., see, Addams, James, 1795, 2-3
Bloody Fellow, The, 1792, to William Blount, 2-16 (copy)
Blount, William (129), 1790-1798, to James Robertson, 1-7-14
Blount, William, 1792, to The Bloody Fellow, Chief of the Cherokees, 1-7
Blount, William, 1792, to The Glass, a Chief of the Cherokees, 1-7
Blount, William, 1793, to Judges Campbell, McNairy, and Anderson, 1-8
Blount, William, 1793, to John Pitchlynn, 1-8
Blount, William, 1794, to Joseph Evans, 1-10 (copy)
Blount, William, 1794, to Benjamin Logan, 1-10 (copy)
Blount, William, 1794, to James Seagrove, 1-9
Blount, William, 1794, to William Whitley, 1-10 (copy)
Blount, William, 1795, to William Colbert, 1-12
Blount, William, 1795, to Alexander Cornell, 1-12 (copy)
Blount, William, 1795, to Joseph Dorris, 1-12 (broadside)
Blount, William, 1795, to [David Henley], 1-11
Blount, William, 1795, to Timothy Pickering, 1-12
Blount, Willie (6), 1795-1814, to James Robertson, 1-15
Bradford, H., 1789 (general orders), 1-16
Bradley, Abraham, Jr., 1809, to James Robertson, 1-17
Brevard, John F., 1813, to James Robertson, 1-18
Broom, The, see, Tallotiskee, 1804, 2-16
Brownlee, John, see Addams, James, 1795, 2-3
Carondelet, Baron of, 1793, to James Robertson, 2-1
Carondelet, Baron of, 1795, to Efa Hodjo or the Mad Dog of Tuckabatches, 2-1
Charleson, see, Chennabe, 1805, 2-17
Chennabe, et al., 1805, to James Robertson, 2-17
Chiefs of the Upper and Lower Creeks, 1795, to William Blount, 1-11
Chinumbe Mingo, et al., 1809, to James Robertson, 2-17
Chisholm, John D., see, Clark, John, n.d., 2-2
Chuguthage, see, Turtle at Home, 1796, 2-16
Citizen of Mero District, 1792, to James Robertson, 1-4
Clark, John, et al., n.d. proposition concerning a means of transporting produce, 2-2
Cocke, William, 1797, to James Robertson, 2-4
Colbert, George, see Chennabe, 1805, 2-17
Colbert, George, see, Chinumbe Mingo, 1809, 2-17
Colbert, George, 1812, to James Robertson, 2-17
Cornell, Alexander (2), 1795, to William Blount, 2-5 Cornell, Alexander, 1795, to Billy Colbert, George Colbert, Pyo lata, Pyo Mingo, and Uglyacabe Mingo of the Chickasaw Nation, 2-5
Cruzat, Francis (2), 1784, to Monsieur ___________ (one letter is translation from French) , 2-6
Danning, Robert, see, Addams, James, 1795, 2-3
Deaderick, George M., 1810, to James Robertson, 2-7
Dearborn, H[enry], 1803, to Archibald Roane, 3-18 (copy)
Dearborn, H[enry] (7), 1805-1807, to James Robertson, 3-18
Dearborn, Henry, 1806, to Return J. Meigs, 3-18 (copy)
Dearborn H[enry], 1806, to James Robertson, and Return J. Meigs, 3-18
Dearborn, H[enry], 1806, to James Robertson, Return J. Meigs, and William Hill, 3-18
Dinsmoor, Silas (6), 1795-1814, to James Robertson, 2-8
Dinsmoor, Silas, 1805, to Henry Dearborn, 2-8
Doyle, T[homas] (2), 1794-1795, to James Robertson, 2-9
Emattaharnica, see, Chinumbe Mingo, 1809, 2-17
Foster, R. c., 1805, to James Robertson, 2-10
Gilbery, William W., see Chinumbe Mingo, 1809, 2-17
Glass, The, 1792, to William Blount, 2-16 (copy)
Glass, The, see Justes, Richard, 1796, 2-16
Granger, G., 1807, to James Robertson, 2-11
Haller, George, 1807, to James Robertson, 2-12
Hattashimeco, see Chinumbe Mingo, 1809, 2-17
Hawkins, Benjamin (2), 1797-1798, to James Robertson, 2-13
Hawkins, Bn., see, Addams, James, 1795, 2-3
Henley, David, 1795, to John Gordon, 2-14
Henley, David (12), 1795-1798, to James Robertson, 2-14
Hoggatt, James, 1803, to James Robertson, 2-15
Jackson, Andrew (2), 1796?-1798, to James Robertson, 2-20
Jackson, Andrew, 1803, to [Benjamin] Bradford, 1-3 (broadside)
Justes, Richard, et al., 1796, to James Robertson, 2-16
Kelly, John O., 1798, to James Robertson, 1-4
Kennedy, N., see, Clark, John, n.d., 2-2
King, Robert, 1804, to James Robertson, 2-21
Knox, Henry (3), 1791-1792, to William Blount, 3-19 (extracts)
Knox H[enry], 1793, to the Chiefs and warriors of the Chickasaw Nation of Indians, 3-19 (copy)
Knox, H[enry] (2), 1793, to Major General Wayne, 3-19 (extracts of same letter)
Knox, H[enry] (2), 1794, to William Blount, 3-19 (copies)
Lea, John M., 1891, to Chancellor Payne, 1-1
Libbert, Philip, see, Addams, James, 1795, 2-3
Little Turkey, 1795, to William Blount, 2-16 (copy)
McCallam, Hugh, see Addams, James, 1795, 2-3
McGillivray, Alexander, 1788, to James Robertson, 2-22
McGillivray, Dan, see, Mad Dog, 1796, 2-19
McHenry, James, 1796, to William Blount, 3-20 (copy)
McHenry, James, 1799, to James Robertson, 3-20
McIntosh, Lachlan, see Robertson, James, 1798, 3-8 (broadside)
McKee, John, 1794, to the Glass and the Chiefs of the lower Towns of the Cherokees, 2-23
McKee, John (3), 1794-1795, to William Blount, 2-23
McLeish, John, 1813, to James Robertson, 2-24
McLemore, John, see, Tallotiskee, 1804, 2-16
Macline, William (2), 1797-1804, to James Robertson, 2-26
McMinn, Joseph, 1804, to James Robertson, 2-25
Mad Dog and Big Waarrior, 1795, to James Seagrove, 2-19
Mad Dog and Danl McGillevray, 1796, to the Chickasaw Nation, 2-19
Magruder, Allan B., 1805, to James Robertson, 2-27
Martin, William, 1809, to James Robertson, 2-28
Meigs, Return J. (9), 1804-1809, to James Robertson, 2-29
Meigs, Return J. , see Smith, Daniel, 1805, 3-12
Meigs, Return J., 1806, to Abraham Maury, 2-16 (enclosed treaty made with Cherokee Indians at Tellico, October 25, 1805)
Middle Striker, see Turtle at home, 1796, 2-16
Mingo Mattaha, see Chinumbe Mingo, 1809, 2-17
Miro, Esteban, 1783, to James Robertson, 2-30
Montgomery, William, see, Addams, James, 1795, 2-3
Okoy, see, Chinumbe Mingo, 1809, 2-17
Okoye, see, Chennabe, 1805, 2-17
Opeorningo, George Colbert, 1795, to James Robertson, 1-11 (copy in the hand of William Blount)
Opiamingo (2), 1795, to James Robertson, 2-17
Park, E., see Clark, John n.d., 2-2
Penn, Seth, 1809, to James Robertson, 2-32
Phillips, Joseph, see Clark, John, n.d., 2-2
Pickens, Andrew, 1796, to James Robertson, 2-33
Pickering, Timothy (2), 1795, to James Robertson, 3-21 (same letter, one a copy)
Pickering, Timothy (3), 1795-1796, to William Blount, 3-21
Pike, Zebulon, 1796, to James Robertson, 3-1
Pitchlynn, John (3), 1812-1813, to James Robertson, 3-2
Portell, Thomas, 1792, to Andrew Fagot, 3-3 (copy)
Portell, Thomas (4), 1792-1794, to James Robertson, 3-3
Powell, James, 1805, to James Robertson, re: deposition, 3-28
Prince, William, 1792, to James Robertson, 3-4
Puson, Thomas, 1787, to James Robertson, 3-5
Putnam, A. W., 1850, to unknown correspondent, 3-31 (incomplete)
Reid, John, 1813, to James Robertson, 3-6
Rhea, John (2), 1806-1808, to James Robertson, 3-7 (one broadside)
Robertson, James (27), 1787-1812, to various individuals, 3-8 (rough drafts and copies)
Robertson, James et al. 1798, to John Boster, 3-8 (broadside)
Seagrove, James (2), 1794, to William Blount, 3-9 (copies)
Sevier, John (21), 1791-1813, to James Robertson, 3-10 (two broadsides)
Sevier, John, 1795, to James Glasgow, 1-3 (broadside)
Sewall, Lewis, see Clark, John, n.d., 2-2
Sharpe, William, 1807, to James Robertson, 3-11
Simmons, William, 1804, to R. J. Meigs, 3-18
Sims, Z., see, Clark, John, n.d., 2-2
Smith, Daniel, 1793, to The Chiefs of the Chickasaw-Nation, 3-12
Smith, Daniel (3), 1793-1805, to James Robertson, 3-12
Smith, Daniel, and Return J. Meigs, 1805, to James Robertson, 3-12
Snoddey, Andrew, see, Addams, James, 1795, 2-3
Sommerville, J[ohn], 1795, to James Robertson, 3-13
Sparks, R[ichard], 1814, to James Robertson, 3-14
Stuart, James, see Robertson, James, 1798, 3-8 (broadside)
Tallotiskee, et al., 1804, to James Robertson, 2-16
Tanclosene, see Turtle at home, 1796, 2-16
Tatom, A[bsalom], 1789, to James Robertson, 3-15
Thompson, Charles, 1813, to unknown correspondent, re: relating attack by Creek Indians, 3-16
Thompson, John, see, Clark, John, n.d., 2-2
Thompson, John, 1794, to William Blount, 3-17 (copy)
Titsworth, Isaac, 1795, to James Robertson, 3-30 (copy of information given to Governor Blount by Colonel Titsworth)
Toote Massatabbe (Mingo), 1813, to James Robertson, 2-17
Turkey, The, 1794, to William Blount, 2-16
Turtle at Home, et al., 1796, to James Robertson, 2-16
Washington, G[eorge], 1795, to William Colbert, John Brown the Younger and William McGillivray, Chickasaws, and Malcolm McGhee Interpreter, representing the Chickasaw Nation, 3-22
Wats, John, see Justes, Richard, 1796, 2-16
W[hite], J[ames], 1795, to Governor Blount?, 3-23
Williams, B., 1814, to James Robertson, 3-24
Williams, John, 1805, to James Robertson, 3-25 (broadside)
Williamson, Hu., 1789, to James Robertson, 3-26
Winchester, J[ames) (5), 1793-1797, to James Robertson, 3-27
Winchester and Cage, 1801, to James Robertson, 3-27
Title
Finding Aid for the James Robertson Papers
Status
Completed
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Vanderbilt University Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Jean and Alexander Heard Library
419 21st Avenue South
Nashville TN 37203 United States


 

About this Site

This site contains collection guides, or finding aids, to the archival collections held by Vanderbilt University Special Collections and University Archives, the History of Medicine Collection, and the Scarritt Bennett Center. Finding aids describe the context, arrangement, and structure of archival materials, allowing users to identify and request materials relevant to their research.

Requesting Materials

Each finding aid contains a link to request materials from the collections. Collections can also be requested by emailing the repository directly through the library website. Each repository has its own location, hours, and contact information. Please consult the repository with questions about using the materials. Collections are non-circulating and must be used in the repository’s reading room. In many cases, the collections are stored off-site and require advance notice for retrieval.